All ships traveling in international seas must follow the maritime authorities’ international codes and treaties. Ships should be maintained at a certain quality by the combined efforts of flat states, shipping companies, and shipmasters to achieve this.
When foreign ships visit international ports, inspections are performed to ensure their condition is well above the expected level. Port state control refers to the examination of foreign ships. The development of the KRT Inspect brought in the regulation of port state control and the general standards for inspection procedures of all types of ships.
Important things to know about inspecting the shipment
A ship is usually held when it is dangerously harmful to the ship’s crew and the marine environment. She can also be held in the ship’s condition, and standards completely violate IMO and other maritime authorities’ regulations. The information gathered from all ships’ port status inspections is maintained in an information system known as “Equasis.”
Members can use the Paris MOU’s Preliminary Company Performance Calculator and Ship Risk Profile Calculator to determine their level of performance and the risk profiles of their vessels. Ship Risk Profiles will be revised daily, considering the most recent inspection data.
Priority I inspections may be deferred to another port in the same Member State or to a port in another Member State provided the latter agrees, in specific situations. Inspections will not be done if the port call is only at night or if the inspection, in the opinion of the Port State, poses a risk to the inspectors, the ship, its crew, the port, or the marine environment. If a ship makes multiple nighttime port visits, special preparations will be made to inspect.
Know about Risk Profile of a Ship
A vessel will be awarded a Ship Risk Profile under NIR, which will categorize it as a Low-Risk Ship (LRS), Standard Risk Ship (SRS), or High-Risk Ship (HRS). The Ship Risk Profile sets the vessel’s inspection priority, inspection interval, and scope. The firm in charge of the vessel’s ISM Code system will be graded as High, Medium, Low, or Very Low in its performance. Companies with poor or very poor performance will have their identities made public.
There are three sorts of inspections in the NIR: first, more detailed, and expanded. An initial examination will be conducted on Low-Risk Ships and Standard Risk Ships older than 12 years old that are not bulk carriers, gas tankers, oil tankers, chemical tankers, or passenger ships.
A more extensive inspection will be carried out if clear reasons are discovered during an initial inspection indicating that the vessel is not complying with specific convention standards. All High-Risk Ships, regardless of type, and all bulk carriers, gas tankers, oil tankers, chemical tankers, and passenger ships more than 12 years old, as well as vessels scheduled for re-inspection following a prohibition, will be subject to an enlarged inspection.